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为什么每个人都该读读库克的“出柜”?
法律读库 / 2014-11-01


公开“出柜”成为了这两天的重磅新闻,他在《商业周刊》专栏发表的原文也被各大网站转载,这是《人物》微信 (本文翻译│冯尚钺、雷斐然)的一篇翻译,读来有一种“我有一个梦想”的朗朗上口,堪称这两天最优美的一篇“出柜”文,与君共赏。


自我从业以来,我曾尝试对我的基本隐私缄口不言。我生于草根,并不期望引人注目。世人皆知,苹果已成为最引人注目的公司,但我希望这种关注度更多源自产品,和我们产品给用户的美好体验。


 

与此同时,我对马丁·路德·金的一句话深信不疑。他说:「生活最紧要,而且永恒的问题是:你为他人做了什么?」我时常扪心自问。直至某天我发现,我掩饰个人隐私的小小欲求,已经妨碍了我在这个方面更进一步,于是我选择在今天做出决定。


 

许多年来,我曾对很多人坦白我的性取向。在苹果,很多同事知道我是男同,但他们从未对我另眼相看。我非常幸运能够为这样的公司工作:每个人的不同都被宽容以待,唯此,这里才成为创新与活力之源。

 

并非人人都能如此幸运。


 

迄今为止,我从未否认我的性向,正如我也未将它公之于众。


 

现在我决定说出来:我很骄傲我是同志,在我看来,这是上帝给我最珍贵的赠礼。


 

身为同志使我深知,身为人群中的少数是何种滋味,也使我能够明了如何与其它少数族裔的人群交往。它使我与他人感同身受,亦使我生命完满充盈。有时它使我尴尬为难,但也给我勇气,使我能坚持自我,跨越逆境与偏执。它也使我面对质疑更为坚强,在身为苹果 CEO 时,这一点尤其重要。


 

自 我年轻时起,世事几经更易。美国变得越来越婚姻平等,一部分公众人物坦然出柜,呼吁社会公众改变偏见,使我们的文化更为包容。然而,在大部分州的法典中, 法律仍然允许雇主因为性取向解雇员工,房东仍可以因为性取向把租客拒之门外。甚至在某些地方,我们不能探视生病恋人,也不能继承遗产。无数人,尤其是孩 子,生活在恐惧和虐待之中,仅仅因为他们生为同志之身。


 

我并非激进分子,但我认识到,我的生活正受益于他人的巨大牺牲。因此如果「苹果 CEO 是一个同性恋」这件事能够对纠结身份认同之人有所鼓励,能够对深感孤独之人有所安慰,或对为平等权利奋战之人有所支持。那牺牲我的隐私,亦非难事。


 

我必须承认这并不是一个轻松的选择。隐私对于我来说是很重要的,我现在依然希望还能保留一小部分个人隐私。苹果是我毕生的事业,在我活着的日子里,除了吃饭睡觉,我会投入几乎所有的时间,致力于成为我力所能及的最好的 CEO 。员工们值得我这样去做,同样的,我们的消费者们、开发者们、股东们和供应商伙伴们也值得如此。


 

社会进步的一部分是基于理解一个人并不仅限于性取向、种族或性别。我是一个工程师,也是一个叔叔、一个自然爱好者、一个健身狂、一个南方人、一个体育爱好者……我有很多重身份。我希望大家能够尊重我的意愿,让我能专注于做自己所擅长并能带来欢乐的事。


 

我 有幸带领的这个公司长期以来都拥护着人权和平等。我们在国会前坚定地表明支持劳工场所平等法案的立场,正如我们在家乡——加利福尼亚州为婚姻平等发声一 样;当亚利桑那州通过了歧视同性恋群体的法案时,我们大声反对。我们将会一如既往地为了自己的价值观而奋斗,我也坚信在这个了不起的公司,任何一个 CEO ——无论种族、性别或性取向如何,都会这么做。而我个人也会继续为拥护全人类的平等而奋斗终生。


 

每天清晨,当我踏入办公室,迎接我的是两张著名的照片——马丁·路德·金的和罗伯特·肯尼迪。我并不企图和他们比肩,只是所有的一切让我看到并明白,我在为帮助他人尽自己的一份力,无论它多微不足道。我们正一砖一瓦地铺砌通往正义的阳光大道,以上这些就是我搭建的一砖。


为体会原汁原味,建议学霸们直接阅读英文:


Throughout my professional life, I’ve tried to maintain a basic level of privacy. I come from humble roots, and I don’t seek to draw attention to myself. Apple is already one of the most closely watched companies in the world, and I like keeping the focus on our products and the incredible things our customers achieve withthem.

At the sametime, I believe deeply in the words of Dr. Martin Luther King, who said:“Life’s most persistent and urgent question is, ‘What are you doing for others?’” I often challenge myself with that question, and I’ve come to realize that my desire for personal privacy has been holding me back from doing something more important. That’s what has led me to today.

For years, I’ve been open with many people about my sexual orientation. Plenty of colleagues at Apple know I’m gay, and it doesn’t seem to make a difference in the way they treat me. Of course, I’ve had the good fortune to work at a company that loves creativity and innovation and knows it can only flourish when you embrace people’s differences. Not everyone is so lucky.

While I have never denied my sexuality, I haven’t publicly acknowledged it either, until now. So let me be clear: I’m proud to be gay, and I consider being gay among the greatest gifts God has given me.

Being gay has given me a deeper understanding of what it means to be in the minority and provided a window into the challenges that people in other minority groups deal with every day. It’s made me more empathetic, which has led to a richer life.It’s been tough and uncomfortable at times, but it has given me the confidenceto be myself, to follow my own path, and to rise above adversity and bigotry.It’s also given me the skin of a rhinoceros, which comes in handy when you’re the CEO of Apple.

The world has changed so much since I was a kid. America is moving toward marriage equality,and the public figures who have bravely come out have helped change perceptions and made our culture more tolerant. Still, there are laws on the books in a majority of states that allow employers to fire people based solely on theirsexual orientation. There are many places where landlords can evict tenants for being gay, or where we can be barred from visiting sick partners and sharing in their legacies. Countless people, particularly kids, face fear and abuse everyday because of their sexual orientation.

I don’t consider myself an activist, but I realize how much I’ve benefited from the sacrifice of others. So if hearing that the CEO of Apple is gay can help someone struggling to come to terms with who he or she is, or bring comfort to anyone who feels alone, or inspire people to insist on their equality, then it’s worth the trade-off with my own privacy.

I’ll admit that this wasn’t an easy choice. Privacy remains important to me, and I’d like to hold on to a small amount of it. I’ve made Apple my life’s work, and I will continue to spend virtually all of my waking time focused on being the best CEO I can be. That’s what our employees deserve—and our customers, developers,shareholders, and supplier partners deserve it, too. Part of social progress is understanding that a person is not defined only by one’s sexuality, race, orgender. I’m an engineer, an uncle, a nature lover, a fitness nut, a son of the South, a sports fanatic, and many other things. I hope that people will respect my desire to focus on the things I’m best suited for and the work that brings me joy.

The company I am so fortunate to lead has long advocated for human rights and equality for all.We’ve taken a strong stand in support of a workplace equality bill before Congress, just as we stood for marriage equality in our home state of California. And we spoke up in Arizona when that state’s legislature passed adiscriminatory bill targeting the gay community. We’ll continue to fight for our values, and I believe that any CEO of this incredible company, regardless of race, gender, or sexual orientation, would do the same. And I will personally continue to advocate for equality for all people until my toes point up.

When I arrive in my office each morning, I’m greeted by framed photos of Dr. King and Robert F.Kennedy. I don’t pretend that writing this puts me in their league. All it does is allow me to look at those pictures and know that I’m doing my part, however small, to help others. We pave the sunlit path toward justice together, brickby brick. This is my brick.

 

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